Proof-of-Work VS Proof-of-Stake

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Are you new to cryptocurrencies? If you are, you need to know the basics before investing. This article will teach you more about proof of work vs proof of stake and will help educate you about your investments in the future. Would you like to learn more? Read on and understand proof-of-work vs proof-of-stake.

An Introduction to Consensus Mechanisms

Before anything else, the term consensus mechanism needs to be explained. This tool refers to a fault-tolerant mechanism used in computer and blockchain systems to agree on single-data values. 

Moreover, it also affects any network about the distributed processes or procedures such as cryptocurrencies.

Blockchains usually use this kind of system for increased security and safety when distributing information in a single network. It is also why it’s much harder to hack into cryptocurrencies as a whole.

Through POW and POS mechanisms, it is more challenging to pinpoint the source of the deposit. Additionally, it decreases the likelihood of getting hacked. It is also why the two have become the most popular way of transacting online.

What Is Proof of Work?

This process is one of the original consensus mechanisms readily used for blockchains. This algorithm could be utilized to create new blocks within the chain in a single blockchain.

Miners are considered as special nodes, while the process of creating the blocks would be mining. Using PoW, miners can work with or against each other to create and complete transactions within the network to get the prize. They can do this by sending and receiving virtual tokens.

Puzzles, as well as mathematical problems, could be used as part of the mining process. Once the users solve puzzles, they can mine virtual money that can be converted into real-life cash in the future.

What Is Proof of Stake?

Proof of Stake protocols refers to systems that utilize valley leaders proportionate to these investors’ quality of holdings. Compared to proof of work, these systems do not pay according to significant energy consumption. Of course, this all corresponds to the associated cryptocurrency. 

Peercoin used this system in 2012. It also has grown in popularity over the years because of how simple and easy it would be to do compared to mining. The only problem with this is that you would have to have a significant investment amount already kept within the system for this to work.

Ethereum has started to utilize the Proof of Stake protocol in 2022 as its consensus mechanisms. That is called Ethereum 2.0 aims improve the network’s scalability,  security and accessibility. Furthermore it drastically decreases the energy consumption. 

Overall staking is becoming very popular and thus there are more and more staking companies being founded to facilitate this.

Staking VS Mining

The former is considered as the much more cost-effective way of earning bitcoins. It is because staking uses a smaller amount of resources compared to mining or Proof of Work. With staking, the client is allowed to keep the money.

On the other hand, mining creates new coins that would be released into the public ledger or blockchain.

Using a Proof of Stake algorithm, you will purchase cryptocurrency and hold them in a virtual wallet for a specific amount of time. It would be similar to a fixed deposit in a traditional bank. In return, you will get an interest deposit.

This system can also reward you by adding coins to your wallet as a gift for supporting the network. Your points will increase depending on how long you hold the money in your wallet. Remember that you will get these rewards by the end of the contract.

On the other hand, mining uses various puzzles and algorithms to be solved. These involve blockchain networks that will allow you to increase your coins exponentially. You can either start mining on your own or join a group of Bitcoin miners to increase your earnings.

Are These The Only Consensus Mechanisms?

Aside from the two mentioned above, are there any other consensus mechanisms that will allow users to feel safe with their cryptocurrency investments? The answer is yes, as will be discussed in this particular section.

There are many other consensus mechanisms that you can use as a week to learn more about cryptocurrencies and ensure their safety. Here they are as follows:

Delegated Proof of Stake

In this particular system, users will be able to put their coins at stake to hold for a specific number of delegates to push the creation of the new block.

Proof of Capacity

This system solves complex mathematical problems within external storage units such as hard disks and drives. It, in turn, creates new blocks in the existing chain.

Proof of Elapsed Time

This particular process will decide the producer of the new block beast on how long they waited within the system. 

Proof of Identity

In this mechanism, the cryptographic evidence representing the user’s private key is utilized to prove the transaction.

Proof of Authority

Here, the identities of the validators within the network are evaluated. After this, their capacity to create the blocks will be determined.

Proof of Activity

Your proof of activity is also recorded. Here, the specific electricity consumption and your investment in the cryptocurrency company of your choice will determine the validity of the new blockchain creation.

So which one is better? If you already have an investment in the cryptocurrency platform, staking would be the best option. Mining would be the best way to earn some much-needed money if you don’t have an investment just yet.


The consensus mechanisms mentioned in this article are a few ways to increase the security and safety of your investments in cryptocurrency establishments. Remember that it pays to research before investing to avoid losing a significant amount of money. 

It will also prevent you from getting in trouble because you did not know what you were getting yourself into.


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